Category Archives: POLAND

Archaeologists Have Found a 3,000-Year-Old Bakery in Armenia, After Realizing a Layer of Ash Was Actually Wheat Flour

Archaeologists Have Found a 3,000-Year-Old Bakery in Armenia, After Realizing a Layer of Ash Was Actually Wheat Flour

Last fall, when researchers unearthed the remains of a 3,000-year-old structure in the western Armenian town of Metsamor, they faced two mysteries: First, they didn’t know what purpose the structure had served. Beyond that, a strange powdery substance covering the area left them stumped.

“We knew it was something organic and collected about four to five sacks worth of the material,” Krzysztof Jakubiak, an archaeologist at the University of Warsaw who led the excavation, tells  Jennifer Nalewicki.

The team assumed, at first, the material was simply ash. After all, charred remnants of the building’s reed roof and wooden beams indicated it had met its end in a fire. 

But upon closer examination, the substance was “decoded and recognized as remains of wheat flour,” says Jakubiak to Artnet’s Vittoria Benzine. “The samples were examined by an archaeobotanist expert, who confirmed this preliminary supposition.”

These findings solved both of the team’s mysteries at once. The powder wasn’t ash, but wheat flour. They had unearthed an ancient bakery.

Archaeologists originally mistook the flour residue in the building for ash.

Archaeologists estimate that the structure could have once held as much as 3.5 tons of flour, making it a site for mass production. They also found that furnaces were likely added after the building’s construction, indicating that the structure may have once served another purpose. Before becoming a bakery, perhaps it was “used for ceremonies or meetings, and then was turned into storage,” says Jakubiak.

The bakery’s flour is now far past its prime. Still, the discovery remains important; the building is one of the oldest known structures of its kind from the southern Caucasus and eastern Anatolia, per Szymon Zdziebłowski of Science in Poland. 

The building appears to have operated between the late 11th and early 9th century B.C.E. as part of the fortified settlement established at Metsamor in the 4th millennium B.C.E.

An aerial view of Metsamor, where the bakery was excavated

Little is known about the settlement, which covered 247 acres before being conquered in the eighth century B.C.E. by Argishti I, since its ancient inhabitants did not have a written language, according to Science in Poland.

However, archaeologists continue to learn more about Metsamor through new discoveries, including a recently unearthed tomb filled with gold pendants.

Jakubiak  that his team plans to continue to examine the bakery, which is remarkably well-preserved, in order to gain more insight into Metsamor’s history.

“Because the structure’s roof collapsed during a fire, it shielded everything, and luckily, the flour survived,” he adds. “It’s astounding; under normal circumstances, everything should be burned and gone entirely.”

Archaeologists Uncover Well-Preserved Teeth of Ancient Vampire Skeleton in Eastern Europe

Archaeologists Uncover Well-Preserved Teeth of Ancient Vampire Skeleton in Eastern Europe

Archaeologists have made a remarkable discovery in a remote village in Eastern Europe: the well-preserved teeth of an ancient vampire skeleton.

The skeleton was found in a grave near the village, surrounded by other graves dating back to the Middle Ages.

The vampire’s remains were identified by its unusually long fangs and the fact that the body had been buried face down, a traditional method of ensuring that the undead could not rise from the grave.

Despite being buried for centuries, the vampire’s teeth were remarkably well-preserved.

According to the archaeologists who discovered the skeleton, the teeth were in excellent condition, with no signs of decay or damage.

Archaeologists discovered what may be the skeleton of a 17th-century female “vampire” near Bydgoszcz, Poland.

The discovery of the vampire’s teeth is significant for several reasons. Firstly, it provides us with valuable insight into the beliefs and practices of medieval societies.

The belief in vampires was widespread in Europe during the Middle Ages, and many people believed that the undead could rise from their graves and terrorize the living.

Secondly, the discovery of the vampire’s teeth could help researchers better understand the biology of vampires.

While vampires are fictional creations, the characteristics that define them are often based on real-life medical conditions.

For example, people with porphyria, a rare genetic disorder, are sensitive to sunlight and can experience severe pain in their teeth and gums.

Archaeologists in Poland discovered a “vampire” skeleton with a sickle over the throat.

Finally, the discovery of the vampire’s teeth is a reminder of the enduring appeal of the undead in popular culture. From Bram Stoker’s Dracula to the Twilight saga, vampires continue to capture our imagination and remain a source of fascination for people around the world.

Overall, the discovery of the well-preserved teeth of an ancient vampire skeleton is a significant archaeological find.

It provides us with a window into the beliefs and practices of medieval societies, and may even help us better understand the biology of vampires.